Colin Mc Hugo

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Colin Mc Hugo
Security Engineer Manager & CEO at Quantum Infinite Solutions Group Ltd.

Severe Bugs Reported in EtherNet/IP Stack for Industrial Systems

April 16, 2021

The U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Safety Company (CISA) on Thursday issued an advisory warning of a number of vulnerabilities within the OpENer EtherNet/IP stack that might expose industrial methods to denial-of-service (DoS) assaults, knowledge leaks, and distant code execution.

All OpENer commits and variations previous to February 10, 2021, are affected, though there aren’t any identified public exploits that particularly goal these vulnerabilities.

The 4 safety flaws have been found and reported to CISA by researchers Tal Keren and Sharon Brizinov from operational expertise safety firm Claroty. Moreover, a fifth safety problem recognized by Claroty was beforehand disclosed by Cisco Talos (CVE-2020-13556) on December 2, 2020.

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“An attacker would solely have to ship crafted ENIP/CIP packets to the machine so as to exploit these vulnerabilities,” the researchers said.

CVE-2020-13556 issues an out-of-bounds write vulnerability within the Ethernet/IP server that might probably enable an attacker to ship a collection of specially-crafted community requests to set off distant code execution. It is rated 9.8 out of 10 in severity.

The 4 different flaws disclosed to EIPStackGroup, the maintainers of the OpENer stack, in October 2020 are as follows —

  • CVE-2021-27478 (CVSS rating: 8.2) – A bug within the method Frequent Industrial Protocol (CIP) requests are dealt with, resulting in a DoS situation
  • CVE-2021-27482 (CVSS rating: 7.5) – An out-of-bounds learn flaw that leverages specifically crafted packets to learn arbitrary knowledge from reminiscence
  • CVE-2021-27500 and CVE-2021-27498 (CVSS scores: 7.5) – Two reachable assertion vulnerabilities that may very well be exploited to end in a DoS situation
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Distributors utilizing the OpENer stack are beneficial to replace to the latest version whereas additionally taking protecting measures to reduce community publicity for all management system units to the web, erect firewall limitations, and isolate them from the enterprise community.

That is removed from the primary time safety points have been unearthed in EtherNet/IP stacks. Final November, Claroty researchers revealed a vital vulnerability uncovered in Actual-Time Automation’s (RTA) 499ES EtherNet/IP stack may open up the economic management methods to distant assaults by adversaries.

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